Mental Disorder „Depression“ : causes of Depression in Health Sector „ Nurses “
Psychische Störung „Depression“ : Ursachen der Depression in den Gesundheitssektor
- Purpose: This study addresses issues of occupational mental health among nurses. Factors such as linking role, work and social factors, stress, burnout, depression, absenteeism and the intention of turnover, guides the research. The purpose of this research paper therefore looks forward to answer the question "How to measure the extent at which nurses experience symptoms or risk of depression through various factors such as individual or demographic factors, emotional exhaustion and stressful working situations?"
Design: Data were collected from 9 nurses working for major hospitals located in Germany, Baden-Württemberg (Mannheim and Heidelberg), Bremen, Ukraine and Ghana.
Methods: The design and method utilized in the qualitative and quantitative research methods is a survey, which consists of a questionnaire and biographical Interviews.
Questionnaire was used to collect data, which included demographic and job characte-ristics, job-related stress, emotional labor, and depressive symptoms The PHQ-9, serves to measure the depressive symptoms of the participants and serves as an instrument to back up the Interviews conducted. The questionnaire was evaluated with the SPSS version 21.0. Descriptive statistics, correlations, and frequency were used to analyze and evaluate the data.
Results: The study found out that all the participants who took part in this survey are depressed ranging from minimal to moderate depression. The questionnaire detected approximately 20% of the participants being minimal depressed, 40%, mild depressed and 30% moderate depressed. The composed questions targeted on factors like Occupational Stress and Work strain with factors as well as recognition and appreciation from patients and organization. 77, 80% admitted, they have no recognition and appreciation from colleagues and patients. 44,40% turned out to be very stressed up with
their daily work routine and the other 55,60% finds it only stressful .100% turned out to find Labor disturbances as a stress factor. All the participants are not pleased with their salary which leads to Job dissatisfaction.
Conclusion: The results show that it is necessary to implement programs for nurses to help reduce job-related stress, Preventive and suitable methods should be considered to reduce mental strain before depression manifest itself.
Clinical Relevance: Introducing programs that may help nurses and its organization is the work of Human resource management in nursing organization. Nursing administrators have to understand that, the rate at which nurses have to work and deal with other stressful situations might cause them to suffer depressive symptoms. In other to help this situation, they can aspire to enhance stressful work conditions, develop programs
that subdue job related stress and minimize the expectations of depressive symptoms.